ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) is one of the most common characters encoding standards. Originally developed from telegraphic codes, ASCII is now widely used in electronic communication for conveying text.
As computers can only understand numbers, the ASCII code represents text (characters) with different numbers. This is how a computer ‘understands’ and shows text.
The original ASCII is based on 128 characters. These are the 26 letters of the English alphabet (both in lower and upper cases); numbers from 0 to 9; and various punctuation marks. In the ASCII code, each of these characters is assigned a decimal number from 0 to 127. For example, the ASCII representation of upper case A is 65 and the lower case a is 97
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